Change in transformation and gender equality in tourism will deliver economic growth
By Lindiwe Sangweni-Siddo, COO of City Lodge Hotel Group, Chair of TTCSA (Tourism Transformation Council of SA), and Hostex Show Ambassador
Everyone who’s anyone in the hospitality sector already knew how important the domestic market is to the economy before the pandemic. But this reality was magnified many times for many in South Africa – in businesses, government, and individuals – by the pandemic. It was the domestic business and leisure markets – especially the leisure market who travelled to shake off lockdown cabin fever – that actually saved and revived the tourism sector when it was on its knees.
This suggests that as we look forward to a post-pandemic country, we need to recognise that for the tourism footprint to expand – as it must – new products that are culturally attractive, diverse, and owned and managed by black people, must be incorporated into the market. It clearly follows that domestic tourists will feel a greater affinity to products that are accessible and inviting to them.
The Tourism Transformation Charter, developed by the Tourism Transformation Council of SA (TTCSA), which I have the privilege of chairing, acknowledges that our industry is characterised by large disparities in accessing opportunities and benefits, due mainly to the predominance of white ownership along the value chain of the tourism sector.
To share some background for context, in November 2015, the Amended Tourism B-BBEE Sector Code developed by the TTCSA in consultation with stakeholders was published in the Government Gazette, in order to advance transformation and provide a basis for monitoring transformation in the sector.
The TTCSA takes the following elements into account when addressing transformation – ownership, management control, skills development, enterprise and supplier development, and social economic development. Here’s a snapshot of some of the results of research on the State of Transformation commissioned by the TTCSA that tell a story.
· Under ownership in the old Code, 10% of large enterprises achieved the target for women ownership and another 5% were making some progress, while 85% of large enterprises had not complied with the women ownership target.
· Under the new Code, enterprises are required to comply with 30% of exercised voting rights, but it was found that 85% of enterprises failed to meet the target, and 48% were only striving towards getting black people with voting rights.
· Under management control in the old Code, all enterprises across all bands were required to achieve 50% of black board members, executive directors and senior top management using adjusted recognition of gender. Only 12% of large enterprises had achieved the 50% target, while 4% had achieved the 25% target for black female directorship.
· 40% of large enterprises had achieved the target of 63% for black middle/junior management and about 20% of these had achieved the 32.5% target for black female middle/junior management.
· In terms of the new Code, the exercisable voting rights of black people has a 50% target, but it was found that only 29% of large enterprises managed to reach this target, while 71% failed or made no effort.
There’s more than can be included here, but information on the Tourism Charter can be found here.
Bring women into boardrooms
These few statistics show that there’s much work to be done by everyone to speed up the pace of change in both gender equity and transformation in order to grow our domestic tourism market sustainably, while also creating jobs and boosting the overall economy of SA.
The absence of black women around boardroom tables and in senior executive management circles is conspicuous, even though women form the core of the tourism sector’s workforce.
This means that when ideas are shared and decisions made, they’re done from a predominantly white male perspective, because that’s who’s dominating the sector’s ownership structures. Women bring a different perspective to an environment, and it could be that the innovation and differences in approaching problem-solving may exclude women to the detriment of the growth of organisations.
The market will also expand when the complexion of the consumers of tourism transforms from the stereotypical white tourist, to a much more diverse traveller.
Expand the market
Women can play a bigger role in ensuring the market is expanded and grown to the extent that an untapped cohort of travellers who would typically not have travelled in the past, would now do so.
We’re also aware of young black millennials (age 26 to 41) who love travelling and trying out new experiences. They use products that give them the new experiences they yearn for, and they’re very conscious of the elements of the transformation, which means that often their buying decisions are made on the basis of whether the business is transformed or not.
Call to action
The TTCSA developed a 5-point plan of action to fast track transformation in tourism:
1) Ensure effective monitoring of compliance with BBBEE and impact assessment
2) Ensure that youth are included and elevated in tourism structures
3) Ensure improved education and skills training for tourism job seekers and entrepreneurs
4) Ensure that an environment conducive to supporting tourism product development in townships, small towns, and rural areas exists
5) Advocate for better access to preferential procurement opportunities in government and state institutions by SMMEs
We can choose to work together to make South African tourism a bigger, better, and more equitable economic driver to the benefit of us all.
We look forward to engagement, support, insights and contributions from the wider hospitality, food and drink industry at Hostex 2022. To find out more about Hostex, visit www.hostex.co.za
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